Yezidi'ism is an ancient monotheistic middle eastern religion, thought by many to be related to Zoroastrianism. It is practiced uniquely by a small minority of Kurds, although some maintain that Yezidis are a separate ethnic group. The politics of religion and ethnicity in the greater middle east are intricate and often brutal. The Yezidis have often been the victims through the millennia and it sadly continues today, as witnessed by the genocidal attacks of August 2014.
The largest population of Yezidis remains in northern Iraq, their traditional "heartland." Almost all Yezidis emigrated from Turkey in the late-20th century, and two small areas of Syria remain home to Yezidis. There are Yezidi communities in Armenia and Georgia, most established about 100 years ago, and other emigrant communities in Europe, Russia, and the US. The demographics are now in a radical flux.